on Swimming Pool Safety
Following are just a few
facts according to the CPSC 2013 Pool And Spa Submersion Report:
• Seventy-six percent of reported fatalities involved children younger than 5 years of age.
• The overwhelming majority of the reported deaths and injuries happened in pools.
• Eighty-five percent of fatalities of children less than 5 years of age occurred in residential locations.
• Children between the ages of 12 and 35 months represented 64 percent of estimated injuries between 2008 and 2010.
By practicing the following water safety steps, you can help prevent drownings in residential pools and spas:
General Swimming Pool Safety
• For above-ground pools, steps and ladders leading from the ground to
the pool should be secured and locked, or removed
when the pool is not in use.
Never leave a child unattened in or near a pool.
During social gatherings appoint a "designated watcher" to
protect young children from pool accidents.
Adults may take turns being the "watcher."
• If a child is missing, check the pool and spa first.
Go to the edge of the pool and scan the entire
pool, bottom and surface, as well as the pool
• Do not consider young children to be drownproof
because they have had swimming lessons. Children
must be watched closely while swimming.
• Do not use flotation devices as a substitute
• Learn CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).
Babysitters and other caretakers, such as grandparents
and older siblings, should also know CPR.
• Keep rescue equipment by the pool. Be sure
a telephone is poolside with emergency numbers
• Remove toys from in and around the pool when
it is not in use. Toys can attract young children
to the pool.
• Never prop open the gate to a pool barrier.
FENCES & GATES
• Install a fence or other barrier, such as a wall, completely around the pool. If the house is part of the barrier, the doors leading from the house to the pool should be protected with an alarm or the pool should have a power safety cover.
• The fence or other barrier should be at least
4 feet high. It should have no foot- or handholds
that could help a young child to climb it.
• Vertical fence slats should be less than 4
inches apart to prevent a child from squeezing
• If the fence is chain link, then no part of
the diamond-shaped opening should be larger
than 1-3/4 inches.
• Fence gates should be self-closing and self-latching.
The gate should be well maintained to close
and latch easily. The latch should be out of
a child's reach.
• When the release mechanism of the self-latching
device is less than 54 inches from the bottom
of the gate, the release mechanism for the
gate should be at least 3 inches below the
top of the gate on the side facing the pool.
Placing the release mechanism at this height
prevents a young child from reaching over the
top of a gate and releasing the latch. Also,
the gate and barrier should have no opening
greater than 1/2 inch within 18 inches of the
latch release mechanism. This prevents a young
child from reaching through the gate and releasing
The weak link in the strongest and highest
fence is a gate that fails to close and latch
completely. For a gate to close completely
every time, it must be in proper working order.
Affordable and easily installed alarms are available:
• If the house forms one side of the barrier,
then doors leading from the house to the pool
should be protected with alarms that produce
an audible sound when a door is unexpectedly
• Install an alarm that can be temporarily turned
off by an adult for a single opening of the
door by using a keypad or switch that is out
of a child's reach.
Battery and electrically powered alarms are
available. The key pad switch can be used by
adults who wish to pass through the door without
setting off the alarm. It should be placed
high on all doors leading from the house to
will find a variety of polypropylene swimming
pool safety covers that can literally
be walked across. They are anchored to the
deck or area surrounding the swimming pool
and provide peace of mind, especially in the
Fall and Winter months were they are typically
being used. Also known an mesh safety covers,
these pool barriers are usually removed for
the swimming season, thereby removing the protection
during this time. Swimming pool safety covers
made from polypropylene are configures to fit
the pool shape and come in either 5 foot or
3 foot strapping distance.
Pool Safety Online
APSP – The
Association of Pool & Spa Professionals - Safety
Swimming – Teaching
babies to swim
CPR & First Aid – Learn
CPR & First Aid online
Pool Safely – Simple Steps Save Lives